Evaluating, Citing, Writing



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Throughout the research process you will need to manage information sources. You are responsible for maintaining a record of the information sources from which you draw ideas, paraphrase, and quote. When you are writing your paper you will need to document your sources so that you clearly distinguish the ideas and words of other authors from what represents your original thinking. This task of documentation using a standardized citation style is an essential step in ensuring that the reader is informed of the origins of the material. Failure to do so results in plagiarism, or intellectual theft, which is a serious academic offense.

The method for citing sources must be standardized so that it is possible for your reader to locate and consult your sources. In Women's Studies, MLA (Modern Language Association) or APA (American Psychological Association) Styles are used. If you are unsure of which style to use, please ask your tutor.

Citation styles are used to accomplish two things in your paper:

1. To create a Works Cited or References list, which is a list of all the sources you cited in the text of your paper. This appears at the end of the paper.

2. To link the information in the text of your paper to the sources from which that information is derived. Parenthetical documentation is the simplest method. The parenthetical citations, which appear in the text of the paper, are keyed to the list of sources that you include at the end of the paper.

The following books are available from AU Library:

Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 5th ed. New
York:Modern Language Association of America, 1999.

Harnack, Andrew and Eugene Kleppinger. Online!: A Reference Guide to Using
Internet Sources. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's Press, 2000.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 5th ed.
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2001.

The following help is available on the Web:

online! a reference guide to using internet sources

OWL at Purdue University: Using APA Format

OWL at Purdue University: Using MLA Format

Official Web sites:

APA (American Psychological Association)

MLA (Modern Language Association)

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